Taking care that human rights are respected is a real problem in some parts of the world, especially as far as women and children are concerned. Southeast Asia is one of the regions with a most delicate situation concerning this matter. Although many treaties and conventions concerning human rights have been ratified, such as the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocol, the Convention for the Suppression of Trafficking in Persons and of the Exploitation of Prostitution of Others, applying the law is still a problem.
Luckily there are several organizations and foundations that never cease fighting and their members are always active as far as promoting human rights South Asia is concerned, they lobby and they spread relevant information to those who don’t really have access to such information. These organizations collaborate with the state and its institutions in order to implement the necessary policies and they work closely with the media with the purpose of educating the public and of bringing to light the truth about whether H. rights are really respected or not in Southeast Asia.
The NHRC is one of the most important government bodies in India. It was funded in 1993 under the provisions of The Human Rights act. ( Its functions are very important: members of the organizations conduct inquiries in cases of violations or negligence by a public authority; they make visits to jails to make sure inmates are having their rights respected, they study the relevant treaties and other international instruments, they encourage NGOs and institutions which work in the field and they closely collaborate with them and even spread literacy in rural and disadvantaged areas and also information about every person’s rights. Also, in those cases of rights violation where victims are not in a position to go to court, this organization helps and supports them so that they have access to justice.
Some relevant names of esteemed members of this Commission are: Shri K G Balakrishnan, Hon’ble Justice Shri Govind Prasad Mathur, Honorable Justice Shri B.C. Patel, Dr.Girija Vyas, Chairperson, National Commission for Women ,Honorable Justice Shri B.C. Patel, Shri P.C. Sharma and the list could go on and on.
Moreover, UNICEF in partnership with India Country Office has started a program entitled Justice to Children through Independent Human Rights Institutions. This program encourages independent organizations to tackle the problem directly. The National Human Rights Commission, The National Commission for Women as well as the National Commission for Backward Classes are involved in the project. And they are very likely to do a great job.