Sex discrimination – the practice whereby one sex is favored over the other. In most societies, this is seen as discrimination favoring males to the detriment of women. In societies it is characterized by patriarchal attitudes (patriarchate), women tend to be subjected to systematic discrimination in all fields of social life, that is, in the private and public spheres of social activity. Sexism is therefore institutionalized and may be referred to racial discrimination.
Ideology based on sex, serves to reinforce this practice, thereby giving it legitimacy and turning back to normal. It is important that sex discrimination can be both covert and overt. Thus, legislation made to regulate the discriminatory practices on the basis of sex differences, has a limited effect, for example, the UK law on discrimination based on sex from 1975.
In patriarchal societies women are discriminated against such areas as employment, political and religious career , housing, social policy, the right to property in the civil and criminal law. The status of women in the class structure and other basic social units – age and race – can also strengthen or weaken the effect of sex discrimination.
Separation labor by gender is also very common nowadays not only in Asian countries but worldwide.
Sex discrimination in other words is a depreciation of the rights of citizens based on their gender. Discrimination can occur in employment in relation to membership of professional bodies, with the insurance, pensions or lending.
Attitude to gender discrimination in modern society in terms of both – the law and the position of social practice varies: some forms of sexual discrimination are illegal, others are fixed by law.
In cases where the sex of the person is irrelevant to the case, economic theory argues that sexism is ineffective. Problems arise when the gender is statistically important: for example, while provising pensions and rents activists know that, on average, women live longer than men, and this has an impact on which company’s insurance policies they offer. Should this affect the statistical difference in the determination of the age and / or level of state pensions, it is the subject of the discussion.
Although many types of discrimination based on sex in modern society were formally abolished, women on average still earn less than men and are more likely to work part-time and occupy lower positions.